Information compiled from online sources, including www.edsnapshots.com www.homeschoolingcatholic.com www.home-school-curriculum-advisor.com www.catholichomeschool.org
Most Common Homeschooling Methods
Charlotte Mason was a British educator whose teaching methods included using “living books” (books written by a person with a passion for the subject), narration, short lessons, the development of good habits, and the study of art, nature, and poetry. The atmosphere in this kind of approach is gentle and flexible, yet still parents guide the learning process. (see Mater Amabilis, Nobis Pacem)
Based on the philosophy of education used in ancient Greece and in Europe during the Middle Ages, this is a rigorous style of education that views education in three phases. These stages, also known as the Trivium, correspond to the development of a child’s ability to reason. (see Angelicum, Kolbe, Mother of Divine Grace, Queen of Heaven, St. Thomas Aquinas)
Employs a variety of homeschooling methods and resources, depending on the interests, needs, and abilities of the children. Rather than stick with a single philosophy or method, parents who choose this method tend to be very flexible in their approach to home education combining all kinds of materials and resources. They use what works and leave the rest behind.
Follows the natural development of the individual child and their innate directive that freely guides them toward growth and maturity. The children's passion for learning are encouraged by giving them opportunities to engage in spontaneous, purposeful activities with specific materials under the guidance of a trained adult. Within a framework of order, children progress at their own pace, according to their capabilities.
Scholastic or School-at-Home
This method bases its model on the traditional idea of a classroom school, with workbooks and textbooks. Learning is usually laid out in a clear scope and sequence to maximize continuity and minimize the potential for major gaps in what the students are learning. (see Our Lady of Rosary, Our Lady of Victory, Seton)
Unit studies focus all learning around a central topic, and incorporate different areas of academic study (for instance, history, language arts, and even science). In this way, the student is able to make connections between these different subjects and learn the material well. It also helps the teacher not have to prepare as many distinct lessons.
John Holt was the pioneer of unschooling. Parents offer support, resources, and encouragement, and children lead the way in learning. Holt believed that following the child's natural curiosity about life would lead to learning about every subject typically required by schools and more. He saw parents not as instructors, but as facilitators of their children's learning.